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    What is difference between SSB, CDS and AFCAT?

    First, let us talk about Combined Defence Services Exam (CDS) and Air Force Common Entrance Test (AFCAT). The major difference lies in the names themselves. You can join IMA, OTA, AFA, and INA after clearing CDS but AFCAT is exclusively for the Indian Air Force. Let us now break down major differences between CDS and AFCAT and then we shall come to the SSB.


    Now let us understand the SSB part ~

    Once you clear any of the above written exam, you are called for SSB if you have chosen army as choice of service in CDS or to AFSB (Air Force Selection Board) if you have chosen Air Force as the choice of service in CDS or in case of AFCAT.


    Majority part for both SSB and AFSB remains same and if you’re suitable for selection you will be recommended in both the boards. I hope i could explain fairly well on this topic!



    AFCAT –

    1. General Awareness
      1. History, geography, sports, art & culture, current affairs, polity, civics, geography, defence, basic science.
    2. Verbal Ability in English
      1. Comprehension, basic grammar, tenses, fill in the blank with the appropriate word, error detection, sentence completion, synonyms & antonyms, testing the vocabulary.
    3. Numerical Ability
      1. Decimal & fraction, time & distance, percentage, ratio & proportion, time & work, average, profit & loss.
    4. Reasoning and military aptitude test
      1. Odd one out, analogy, Venn diagram, pattern completion, dot situation analysis, blood relation, missing figures, figure classification, coding & decoding, spotting the embedded figure, sequencing.

    There are a total of 100 questions and a maximum mark of 300. In this exam with 2 hours of maximum time. There is a negative marking with 1 mark deducted for each wrong answer.


    CDS –

    1. English (2 hours, 100 marks)
      1. Spotting error, Sentence arrangement, synonyms & antonyms, selecting words, ordering of sentence, comprehension, fill in the blanks with the appropriate word, idioms & phrases.
    2. General Awareness (2 hours, 100 marks)
      1. Economics, History, Indian polity, Geography, current affairs, General science (physics, chemistry and biology), defence related questions.
    3. Elementary mathematics (2 hours, 100 marks)
      1. Algebra, Arithmetic, Trigonometry, Geometry, Mensuration, Statistics, Number System

    It is worth noting that mathematics section will be omitted if you have chosen OTA through CDS. 1/3rd of a mark will be deducted from the question for a wrong answer.


    When is the exam held?

    1. AFCAT –
      1. This exam is conducted twice an year in the months of February and August.
    2. CDS –
      1. This exam is also conducted twice an year in the months of February and November.


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